Layers of the Skin Explained: Dermis

Layers of the Skin Explained: Dermis

by Progen Probe Admin 0 Comments

If you have been keeping up with our blog, in our last edition we went over the outer layer of the skin: The epidermis is the layer of skin that is most visible to you and the one you adorn with makeup, lotions, and moisturizers. However, there are two more layers of skin that you may be unaware of.

With skin analyzers from Pro|Gen Probe, you will be able to view your skin like never before. Our technology is advanced and is designed to help you understand your skin on a deeper level.

Let us continue educating you about the brilliance of our skin analyzer and the second layer of the skin: The dermis

The dermis is an incredibly thick layer of tissue underneath the outer layer, the epidermis. This is considered the toughest part of skin you possess. The dermis is made up of two layers and each has a different purpose. First, you need to understand the overall functions of the dermis:

Sweat Production - Your sweat glands exist within the dermis. The sweat that is produced is released through your pores, which are comprised of little tubes. Sweating is essential for your body because it keeps you feeling at a comfortable temperature and it rids your body of toxins.

Sensation - Nerve endings are present in this layer of skin and this how you are able to use your sense of touch. Nerve endings send the signals to the brain when you feel pain, discomfort, or something soft and welcoming. If you suffer from certain conditions, like allergies, the dermis is what produces an itchy feeling.

Hair Growth - The root of the hair is present within the dermis layer of the skin. The root is then attached to a muscle and the muscle will contract which produces the sensation you get when you get a sudden chill.                           

Oil Production - The dermis has glands that not only produce sweat but also oil. The oil is essential to help keep your skin soft, silky, and smooth, and even waterproof. When the glands are overproducing, that is when you experience extra oily skin and possibly an acne issue. Our skin analyzers will be able to detect if you have an overabundance of oil within the skin and this will allow your skin care professional to come up with the best treatment plan.

Blood - We learned prior that the epidermis cannot make its own blood; the dermis is the layer of skin that carries the blood vessels throughout. When you get a scrape or cut yourself shaving, this is how blood is a result of these type of injuries.

Now that you have learned all the responsibilities of the dermis, it is time to be educated on the different layers within this part of your skin.

The Upper Layer (Papillary Layer)

This layer of the dermis is extremely important because it contains all the nutrients the epidermis needs. The nutrients help produce your skin cells, which are called keratinocytes. Also, the papillary layer is how your body adjusts the temperature of your skin, and this affects our body as a whole.

The way this is done is by all the blood vessels that are in this layer of the dermis. These blood vessels not only perform the job of regulating the skin's temperature but they also help remove waste that would otherwise destroy keratinocytes. Additionally, this is how we seem to be blushing when embarrassed or excited. The blushing effect is caused by the blood vessels being dilated in the dermis.

The Reticular Layer

This layer of the dermis provides the elastic component within our skin. This is how our skin easily heals and bounces back after things such as pinching or getting caught between something. This also is how our skin stays strong. This is where the sweat glands and oil glands reside as well.

As you can see, the dermis is a very vital part of why our skin is strong and durable and can face most elements that come its way. The dermis is the layer of skin that keeps our skin resilient and able to bounce back quickly. With our skin analyzers, we can look deep into the layers of skin and can diagnose different conditions. Remember your skin is an important asset to your body and you want to care for it as best as possible. Learn more about the layers of our skin in our next blog and contact us to learn why you need a skin analyzer consultation with your skin care professional!