Layers of the Skin Explained: Epidermis

Layers of the Skin Explained: Epidermis

by Progen Probe Admin 0 Comments

When it comes to taking care of our skin, many of us only understand what's on the surface. You may think as long as you are using the right products and face washes that your skin will stay in pristine condition, but this is not always the case. Your skin and its condition are affected by deeper layers than what are visible and you need to take care of these as well.

When going to a dermatologist or skin care professional who has skin analyzers, you can get the ultimate skin care. Our skin care analyzers have the latest in magnification and digital technology that can break down the condition of your skin layer by layer. Here, at Progen Probe, we want you to understand your skin and what it means to your body.

Layers of the Skin


This is the layer you know the most about because it is the top and outer layer. This layer of skin is visible to everyone. Depending on the part of the body, this skin can tend to be very thin, such as your eyelids and underneath your eyes. The epidermis is one of the major body parts that does not contain a blood supply all on its own. This is what makes shaving a man's face possible, however, when you do see blood while shaving, you have not damaged the epidermis you have actually gone too deep and the blood is coming from somewhere else.

The epidermis is responsible for many different processes when it comes to your skin. Some of the responsibilities of this layer of skin are:

Creating new cells - This process happens at the bottom of your epidermis. The cells travel up the entire layer and then flake off from the outer film. It takes about a month for this process to be completed.

Skin Color - Melanin is produced here and this is the element that gives skin its either very pale complexion or its dark tones.

Protects - The outer layer of skin also has specific cells within in it that can help your immune system and the health of your overall body.

As you can see, the epidermis plays a big role in your skin. However, the epidermis is much more complex than one realizes. The epidermis itself is made of up of five individual layers. They each perform a different task for our skin to make sure it always is looking fresh and healthy.

Stratum Corneum - This is the outermost layer of the epidermis. This layer is the main barrier to protect the skin from the elements. This layer is protecting your skin from infection, dehydration, and other types of stress.

Stratum Lucidum - This layer of the epidermis is very thin and clear and consists of many dead skin cells. With our skin analyzers, we actually are able to see this layer under the powerful magnification of this device.

Stratum Granulosum - This layer of the of the epidermis is considered the waterproofing layer. This layer keeps the skin hydrated by preventing fluid loss. Keratin builds up in this layer as well, to protect the less dense cells underneath.

Stratum Spinosum - This layer is important because it helps with flexibility. This layer also helps the skin withstand abrasions and other frictions. This layer of the skin tends to look spine-like underneath magnification because its provides the strength your skin needs.

Stratum Basale - This is the deepest layer of the epidermis and where new cells are created that can travel up to the top layer of the epidermis. This is the basis for how the epidermis will function. This layer also lays on top of the dermis, which is the second layer of skin.

The epidermis is the layer of skin that is most visible to you and to others. This special layer of skin is responsible for hydration and protection. With advancements in technology, such as our skin analyzers, we can tell you even more about your skin and what it does for your body by not just explaining it, but by showing it. If you are someone who wants to take care of your skin and in the best way possible, make sure you see a medical professional with the right and most efficient tools, such as a skin analyzer.